Webcast: Dr. Ennis Presents “Mental Health in HIV: Coping Strategies for Managing Distress and Stigma”

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Webcast Wednesday: Mental Health in HIV: Coping Strategies for Managing Distress & Stigma


12:00 pm – 1:00 pm CDT / 1:00 – 2:00 pm EDT

Nicole Ennis Whitehead, PhD
Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical and Health Psychology
College of Public Health and Health Professions
University of Florida at Gainesville

This presentation was coordinated in partnership with the Florida North AETC

Register Now!

Congratulations to Dr. Gladys Ibañez!

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Dr. Gladys Ibañez, assistant professor in the Department of Epidemiology at Florida International University’s Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, is one of four researchers in the country to receive funding from University of California at Davis’ Latino Aging Research Resource Center (LARRC) for its 2017-2018 pilot program. Dr. Ibañez’s community-focused work addresses this research gap, and with the help of LARRC’s National Institutes of Health-funded program, she’s equipped to study 100 HIV-positive patients from Borinquen Health Clinic and the Southern HIV and Alcohol Consortium. By administering NIH’s cognitive toolbox measures and linking the results to HIV care engagement and disease progression data, this project will serve as the basis for future explorations into cognitive interventions for older Latinos.

 

SHARC MARCHES FOR EQUALITY, UNITY, & PRIDE

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On Sunday, June 11, 2017, the SHARC team participated in the Gainesville Equality March for Unity and Pride. Several SHARC Team members gathered Downtown at Depot Park and marched to Bo Diddly Plaza where a rally was held in solidarity with the National Equality March for Unity & Pride in Washington, D.C. The SHARC Team was there to support celebrate diversity, and respect the rights of all individuals. While marching the SHARC Team handed out giveaways such as sleek water bottles, nifty pens as well as allowing fellow marchers to take photos with an Instagram cut out.

 

The Health Science Center Library HIV/AIDS graphic novel contest

Sharc-research.org Spotlight

The Health Science Center Library is hosting a graphic novel contest this summer, with the purpose of raising awareness and educating about HIV and AIDS. Top submissions will be included in a published collection to be distributed throughout Gainesville and Jacksonville. If you or your students are interested in exploring the intersection of arts and medicine and are passionate about making a difference in your community, we ask you to take part.

The contest runs June 1st, 2017 to August 5, 2017 with a free workshop hosted by the Sequential Artists Workshop to be held June 13th, 2017, from 6-9pm for anyone who is interested. More information can be found at https://goo.gl/fQ2km5.

HIV Treatment Works Campaign

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HIV Treatment Works: The HIV Treatment Works campaign encourages people living with HIV to Get in Care , Stay in Care and Live Well . Today, you can live a longer, healthier life by being in medical care and on HIV treatment. People featured in these videos share how they live well with HIV and how you can, too.

Find more information here at: https://www.cdc.gov/actagainstaids/campaigns/hivtreatmentworks/index.html

SHARC Research Awards

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Dr. Wang

University of Florida Department of Epidemiology Research Assistant Scientist Yan Wang, PhD, was recently awarded funding from the UF Shands Quasi Endowment Fund for her project entitled, “Improving alcohol use screening among HIV infected patients through advanced psychological testing.”
Even though alcohol use and abuse remains a major obstacle to the effective treatment of HIV patients, there has been a long-standing problem in obtaining reliable alcohol use data in clinical settings. The project, directed by Dr. Wang, seeks to address this issue by applying the implicit association test (IAT) to the screening process. The IAT was recently adapted for the measurement of addictive behaviors, including alcohol use, but has yet to be evaluated in clinical applications.
The proposed plan is to administer an alcohol identity IAT among 50-60 HIV positive drinkers. From there, they will test its validity using the ecological momentary assessment (EMA) as well as a transdermal alcohol biosensor. As stated by Dr. Wang, “the ultimate goal is to establish better alcohol measurements as the basis for designing more effective and individualized alcohol intervention.”
We at SHARC are glad to have Dr. Wang as an affiliated scientist and are excited to see how this study will progress alcohol screening methods and allow us to better help the HIV community.

 

 

Dr. Mayian

On Friday, January 20, 2017, it was announced that University of Florida Department of Pathology, Immunology and Laboratory Medicine Postdoctoral Associate Carla Mavian, Ph.D., was selected for UF’s highly competitive Thomas H. Maren Junior Investigator Postdoctoral Award. The award provides Dr. Mavian with $50,000 for her two-year study, “Salivary mircroRNA as novel biomarkers of HIV/AIDS disease progression in people living with HIV.”

The innovative and exciting work that Dr. Mavian will be conducting through this project will be focusing on a novel, minimally invasive way to measure the occurrence of different HIV clinical conditions. The proposed plan is to use microRNA (miRNA) profiles obtained from saliva, which would provide clinicians with an brilliant alternative to current plasma-based methods.

In the words of Dr. Mavian, “This is the first step towards identifying new biomarkers that can be used to help guide treatment decisions, evaluate interventions, and/or help with prognosis of HIV/AIDS disease and progression.”

We look forward to all the future contributions Dr. Mavian will make to the field.

Moving Forward Together: Advancing Health Care for Those Left Behind

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Robert Cook, MD, MPH

Robert Cook, MD, MPH

On September 27, 2016, Florida Community Health Action Information Network (CHAIN) will host its second annual conference, Moving Forward Together: Advancing Health Care for Those Left Behind. The conference will join national experts, advocates, consumers, health care providers, and other stakeholder together in an effort to spread information about current health care topics and ways to improve the health of all Floridians.

The conference schedule includes discussions on children’s and seniors’ health, mental health, and infectious diseases, among others.

This year, among the plenary speakers is our very own director, Dr. Robert Cook. As an expert on infectious diseases, Dr. Cook will cover various aspects of diseases in Florida, and along with the other speakers will discuss topics such as innovative delivery systems, preventive services, and health literacy.

We look forward to seeing you there!

Marijuana and HIV Viral Load Suppression

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A recent study from SHARC headed by Dr. Chukwuemeka Okafor indicates that marijuana use may not have an adverse effect on viral load suppression in persons living with HIV (PLWH). The article was titled Marijuana use and viral suppression in persons receiving medical care for HIV-infectionand was published in the American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse.

Dr. Okafor stated, “Marijuana use is common among people with HIV as some individuals report that marijuana relieves a wide range of symptoms, including chronic pain, nausea and loss of appetite.” However, studies on the effects of marijuana on HIV clinical outcomes are limited. This study aimed to fill that gap as it reports the effects of marijuana use on viral suppression.

The study used data from SHARC’s Medical Monitoring Project (MMP) and analyzed data collected from five annual cross-sections from 2009 to 2013. The results showed no statistically significant association between marijuana use and viral suppression.

This study is especially relevant in Florida because Florida has the third highest number of PLWH as well as the highest number of newly diagnosed HIV infections in the United States. In addition, Florida voters will consider, in November, a constitutional amendment to legalize medical marijuana. Dr. Okafor stated, “If passed, it is possible that Florida residents with HIV may have increased access to marijuana, yet any association between marijuana use and viral suppression among those receiving medical care has not been thoroughly described.”

Dr. Okafor suggests, “Future research should include larger studies using longitudinal designs and more precise measures of the marijuana used by participants, including the cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabinol content.”

Effects of Heavy Alcohol Use on Clinical Outcomes of HIV Patients on ART

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Kahler

Dr. Christopher W. Kahler

Two longitudinal studies from Brown University have found that persons living with HIV (PLWH) who have alcohol use disorder or engage in high levels of alcohol consumption may be at increased risk of all-cause mortality. This is increasingly significant in terms of clinical research as resent estimates indicate that approximately 61% of PLWH have consumed alcohol in the past year with nearly 15% reporting to be heavy drinkers.

Dr. Christopher W. Kahler, professor and chair in the department of behavioral and social sciences in the Brown University School of Public Health and SHARC executive committee member, and his colleagues looked at the impact of past 30-day frequency drinking on both HIV- and non-HIV-related clinical outcomes. They also examined the extent to which the reduction of adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) could be seen as the cause for these outcomes. The team used data from the Study to Understand the Natural Hisotry of HIV/AIDS in the Era of Effective Therapy. They used longitudinal mediation analysis, which allowed them to estimate natural direct effects of heavy drinking frequency on clinical outcomes and natural indirect effects mediated through ART adherence.

Essentially, Dr. Kahler and his colleagues found that PLWH who also engaged in heavy drinking experienced deleterious effects on multiple clinical biomarkers, including HIV VL, CG4+ T-cell counts, and estimated liver fibrosis, while reducing such engagement exhibited benefits, such as increasing ART adherence and reduction of the negative effects of heavy drinking on the body.

Click here to read the full study.